Problem I have with your questions is that the correct answer is "it depends". There are so many different cartridges out there, that your question is hard to answer. I, myself, own and shoot 32 S&W (which is probably what you mean by 32 short), 32 S&W Long, 32 H&R Magnum, 32 WCF and 32 ACP. Then there is 38 S&W, 38 Special (what most people mean when they just say "38") and 38 WCF. All different, all with various amounts of recoil, and more importantly, all loaded in different size guns.
>does a .32-short have any less kick than a .32?< This is, pretty much, gun-related. I have two 32 S&Ws. They are little bitty guns, and because the cartridge is also little bitty, they have very little kick. I have three 32 S&W Longs. With factory ammo they kick just about the same as a 32 S&W, because the guns are bigger and heavier. I got four 32 H&Rs - two Ruger Single Sixes, which are kinda heavy steel guns, and two S&W Airlites, which are quite light Titanium guns. The Rugers don't kick. The Smiths kick like a mother. With the same ammo. As for the 32 ACPs, all mine are older, steel-framed guns, and have less kick than the 32 H&Rs, but more than the 32 S&W Longs. And the 32 WCFs kick more than any of them.
>does a .32 have more kick than a 9mm< Again, depends on the gun and which 32. 32 H&Rs, in those Titanium S&Ws, kick much more than 9mm Luger in some of my steel-framed guns. But, as a general rule, the 9mm Luger (just like with the 32 and 38, there are several different 9mm cartridges, but when most people say "9mm", they mean the Luger) will have more recoil than any of the 32s.
>does a 32 have less kick than a .38< The 32 H&R, in the lightweight pocket guns, kicks more than most 38s. The others will kick less.
Meddle not in the affairs of dragons, for thou art crunchy, and taste good with catsup - George of Lod, Year of Our Lord 297
I always take precautions.
Beware the Evil Bullet Fairies.