Re: Just what is a " Carbine " ?
Originally a carbine was a shorter-barreled version of a rifle. Supposedly the name comes from the French word for cavalry, or maybe the name of the French cavalry, since it is obviously easier to load and fire a short (maybe 30" barrel) muzzle-loading rifle from the back of a horse than it is the full-size one (maybe 50" barrel).
Generally, nowadays, it just means a shorter version of the full-size rifle, but there are a few exceptions.
The M1 Carbine, of WW2 and Korea fame, not only is much smaller than the M1 rifle, but it also fires a different cartridge.
The Trapdoor Springfield, of our Indian Wars. While both the rifle and carbine are chambered for the same round, they made special "carbine loads" for the carbine, since it, being smaller, was also lighter, and the full-power "rifle loads" were beating the soldiers up. The rifle load used a 500 grain bullet on top of 70 grains of powder, while the "carbine load" used only 50 grains of powder, and I believe it also used a smaller, 405 grain bullet.
The Winchester lever actions. They shoot the same cartridge, but there is much design difference between the "rifle" and the "carbine". Style of barrel is different. Method of attachment of forearm and magazine tube is different. Shape of buttstock is different.
Meddle not in the affairs of dragons, for thou art crunchy, and taste good with catsup - George of Lod, Year of Our Lord 297
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