Re: JC Higgins Model 583.23 bolt action 12 guage
The recall did not include the 583.23 version.
THere are various stories on teh internet as to why the recall was initiated. I do not know the truth avout why the recall was initiated by Sears.
I do know that there had been bolt failures not screw failures in teh past . THis was clear from some of the High Standard internal memos addressing gun problems and failures.
The most common shotgun failures were obstructed bores and handloads that were excessive. THere were a few failures in teh guns in general that were traced to bad material, improper heat treat, and parts that were not dimesnionally correct but these were a very small percentage of the overall problems in these reports.
I found it interesting that Sears stated in their recall that it was 12 gauge guns but in the list of reference numbers, they listed al three gauges, 12, 16 and 20. This suggests to me that Sears did not really remember these guns which they stopped selling over 30 years before the recall. It also suggest to me that they may not have known why they needed a recall.