Re: To wad or not to wad that is my question
The wad should go between the ball and powder, never on top of the ball.
You could be creating an obstruction to the projectile, with the wad on top.
A wad between ball and powder, and a bit of Crisco, bacon grease, lard softened with olive oil, or similar natural grease over the ball will help. A Popsicle stick makes a good applicator to place grease over the ball.
Ox-Yoke Wonder Wads are okay, but I find their dry lubricant lacks enough moisture to keep fouling soft, especially in the bore.
I'd suggest you melt a little lard, Crisco, bacon grease, mutton tallow or beeswax and soak the wads in that.
Dixie Gun Works sells "Ol Zip Patch Grease," which is a mix of beeswax and mutton tallow. This is a very good lubricant.
Mutton tallow is likely the best natural grease you can find. I've not found anything better.
The best lubricant I've found for all black powder uses (felt wads, patches, bullets, shotgun wads, etc.) is one named after me. It's a 19th century recipe that I modified by specifying very exact ingredients.
Substituting these ingredients results in an inferior product. Use exactly what is listed.
The recipe for Gatofeo No. 1 Bullet Lubricant is:
1 part canning paraffin, such as is used to seal jars of preserves
1 part mutton tallow (sold by Dixie Gun Works)
1/2 part real beeswax (beware of synthetic beeswax, especially that sold for toilet seals).
All measurements are by weight, not volume.
Melted together, and allowed to harden at room temperature, this creates an exceptional lubricant for felt wads and other black powder uses.
But if it's too much trouble, just soak your wads in Crisco, lard or bacon grease. This works okay to keep fouling soft shot-to-shot.
"Therein do I see an ugly cat. Smoke. Fire. Brimstone. A vast desert. Holes in parchment. The ugly cat is much amused." --- The quantrains of Gatodamus (1503-1566)