Originally Posted by remington1990
I am thinking about getting a mosin nagant using it to hunt deer. How would it be compare to a 30-06
In very rough terms, 7.62X54R are equal in snortiness to a 30-06. So far as hunting goes, you'll do well to find one that is not too worn in the barrel, especially the muzzle. Both of mine (Russian builds, late WWII) are minute of deer's breadbasket if under (say) 100 yards with 182 grain Bulgarian milsurp. One of them has had the rifling at the muzzle counterbored, as it was too worn to control bullet yawing. If you can find a Finn, go that route, they are (typically) better built and were far better cared for (and incidently, pricier.) Note also that the ladder sights are going to shoot high, they are battle zero at (I think) 200 meters. (At least both of mine act like that.)
Gotta say, the Russian are a mite kicky, more so than any 30-06 I've had the privilege of firing. Much of that is due to stock design, I think.
Be aware that milsurp ammo is cheap for a reason, it is mostly corrosive.
For a lot of info, go to 7.62X54r.net, digest some of that, and good luck. The MNs are fun to mess with.