If barrel length does not affect accuracy

Discussion in 'Large-Bore/Small-Bore Rifle/Shotgun' started by Albtraum, Jan 16, 2013.

  1. Albtraum

    Albtraum Member

    Joined:
    Jun 8, 2011
    Messages:
    971
    Location:
    California
    Does that mean a 2" snub nose .357 can be just as accurate as a 18" lever action rifle (in .357)?
  2. fasted23

    fasted23 New Member

    Joined:
    Jan 2, 2013
    Messages:
    213
    Location:
    Missouri
    Barrel length does
    Longer barrels support the round so it's more stable
  3. Old Grump

    Old Grump New Member

    Joined:
    Feb 21, 2010
    Messages:
    2,320
    Location:
    Little hut in the woods near Blue River Wisconsin
    A couple inches won't make a lot of difference but 16" is a whole new ball game. You can't really compare them.
  4. myfriendis410

    myfriendis410 Member

    Joined:
    Mar 30, 2011
    Messages:
    603
    Location:
    Lompoc California
    I read an article years ago in one of the shooting rags that took a rifle barrel chambered in a pistol caliber (.44 mag?) and shot it while cutting an inch off and re-crowning the muzzle and shooting again etc. The net result was that the accuracy of the barrel did not fall off until they got down to around 4 or 5 inches in length. Obviously velocity dropped but not the accuracy. Interesting test.
  5. Bindernut

    Bindernut Well-Known Member

    Joined:
    Oct 24, 2007
    Messages:
    3,017
    Location:
    ND, USA
    I believe I remember the article that 410 mentioned...or at least one like it. Late 70s or early 80s American Rifleman. Back when they had real tech articles and not random shill pieces for the latest gadgets.
    I believe it was a long-barrel Virginian Dragoon .44Mag and they just gradually bobbed it into a snubnose while documenting velocity and accuracy from a Ransom Rest. Barrel length wasn't a real big factor until the barrel got really short.

    Another thing you might see affecting accuracy is barrel harmonics. A load that falls into a 24" barrel's sweet spot might group worse if you chopped the same barrel to 20". But it might fall into another harmonic sweet spot when you reach 18" too. That is one of the real unpredictable parts of tuning a load.

    As for barrel length...
    On an iron-sighted gun you'll less accuracy as the sight plane gets shorter. The induced sighting error becomes greater if the sight radius shrinks but the range to target stays the same.
    On an optical sighted gun that sighting error really doesn't factor in.
  6. Bindernut

    Bindernut Well-Known Member

    Joined:
    Oct 24, 2007
    Messages:
    3,017
    Location:
    ND, USA
    Only to a certain extent.
    Once the bullet has reached it's ideal speed, usually in the first few inches of the tube, it has reached it's optimum stability. After that, it doesn't matter if the bullet is in the barrel for another 2", 10", or 40"...at least until the friction drags the velocity back down into an unstable range again.
  7. al45lc

    al45lc New Member

    Joined:
    Mar 8, 2010
    Messages:
    1,124
    Location:
    colorful colorado
    Agreed. To that end, I once saw a test from a Ransom Rest on a 2" snub S&W 36 that put all 5 shots into a 2" circle at 25 yds. And that's factory ammo, so to say a snub can't be "accurate" is incorrect.
    The real problem in most firearms like this are rudimentary sights with very short radius of the sighting plane. The shooter simply can't get a 'fine' sight picture.
  8. carver

    carver Moderator

    Joined:
    Jul 28, 2008
    Messages:
    15,067
    Location:
    DAV, Deep in the Pineywoods of East Texas, just we
    That was the test that I saw also. If you have doubts as to the accuracy of a snubie, then you should watch Jerry Michalek, or Bob Munden, shoot 8" ballons at 200 + yards!

    As al45ac stated: "The real problem in most firearms like this are rudimentary sights with very short radius of the sighting plane. The shooter simply can't get a 'fine' sight picture".
  9. JLA

    JLA Well-Known Member

    Joined:
    Feb 26, 2007
    Messages:
    18,236
    Location:
    Heart Of Texas
    all barrel length effects is velocity produced from the powder charge.

    If there are sights fixed to the barrel then it will effect sight radius, which can effect accuracy, but its more of a shooters ability to obtain a fine sight picture than it is the inherent accuracy of the barrel its self.

    shorter barrels are actually more stable then longer barrels and vibration effects them less because they are more ridged.

    Comparing a .357 snubbie to a .357 levergun is an unfair comparison not because the barrel is longer. but because its possible to get a more stable rest on the rifle because there is a buttstock and a fore end. Clamped into a machine rest that simply cannot move accuracy between the 2" barrel and the 18" barrel would be negligible, with the snubby rounds hitting lower on the target due to velocity loss as a result of the short barrel.

    Barrel length is a paramount consideration when setting a weapon up for long range. Obviously handguns should not be considered long range weapons because of their short barrels. And most of the cartridges chambered in handguns do not have the ballistic efficiency to reach out much beyond 200 yds with suitable accuracy.

    As a general rule rifle barrels 22" and longer will effectively engage targets 500 yds and further.. Carbine barrels 20" and shorter should he held to ranges out to 500 yds. Again not for accuracy purposes, but for power. due to the lesser velocity of the shorter barrel.

    There are certain exceptions to this generalization.
  10. Popeye79

    Popeye79 Former Guest

    Joined:
    Nov 27, 2012
    Messages:
    45
    There are many variable that affect accuracy, so you can only make a barrel length comparison on accuracy if that is the only variable that changes. In other words, you can't compare a revolver against lever action rifle. Too many variables are being changed.

    But if you took a long barrel on say a revolver, and cut off an inch and compared accuracy, then another inch and compared accuracy and kept going till only two inches of barrel was left the accuracy would not change too much. At very short barrel length accuracy may suffer because the round may not engage the rifling long enough to get the spin fully up to speed resulting in an unstable round. But otherwise the accuracy would not suffer. Muzzle velocity would certainly suffer with shorter barrel length.
  11. Mosin_Nagant_Fan

    Mosin_Nagant_Fan New Member

    Joined:
    Jan 18, 2007
    Messages:
    1,838
    Location:
    Montgomery, AL
    For the most part, barrel length (regular barrel, not the 20lb bull barrels) affects distance. If you have 2 identical style guns, say single shots, for simplicity, one is a 2" pistol and the other a 16" carbine, both are in a gun holder and they fire .38spl rounds, the one that has the 2" barrel would drop quicker (say 25 yards) than the one that is 16" (say it drops at 100 yards). Both are held pretty tight, but the one with the longer barrel would go further.

    Accuracy is determined by the way the shooter handles the gun and the physics of the gun and barrel. Which is why a stock mini-14 shoots as well as a PPS-43. Ya, I went there :p .
  12. 1LoneWolf75

    1LoneWolf75 New Member

    Joined:
    Apr 29, 2012
    Messages:
    618
    Location:
    Humboldt KS
    Inquirin minds are curious about these exeptions.
  13. JLA

    JLA Well-Known Member

    Joined:
    Feb 26, 2007
    Messages:
    18,236
    Location:
    Heart Of Texas
    Ok.. A 20" barreled .300 Winmag would be on the same long range plane as a 26" .30-06. because of the magnum performance of the larger round.

    A 20" .22-250 would have similar ballistic performance as a 26" .223. again due to the performance of the larger round.

    A 20" .240 Weatherby magnum would be in the same ballistic wheelhouse as a 26" .243 win.

    etc, etc, etc..
  14. WHSmithIV

    WHSmithIV Well-Known Member

    Joined:
    May 3, 2012
    Messages:
    4,696
    Location:
    Moore, Idaho
    hmm ... well, I have 4 pistols. An old top break .32 S&W cartridge US Revolver pistol - 3" barrel, my trusty .45 - 5" barrel, my .38 special revolver - 4" barrel and the little Italian .25 with a 2" barrel. At 25 yards I can fire any of these in a 1 to 1.5 inch group. My only rifle is my 30-30 Marlin lever action - at 50 yards without the scope I sent the very first 6 bullets I fired with it to the exact same spot. I was using a piece of wood as my target and I had trouble telling what bullet could of gone off the spot that I put on it with a marker pen. Every bullet was spot on with one of them having a very small deflection to the top left of the spot. I don't really count my shotgun when it comes to accuracy since the shot spreads over distance even at full choke.

    Barrel length does affect stability in flight of the projectile over distance, but the ability of the person shooting it has far more effect. I dropped a dear last fall at about 250 yards with my Marlin 30-30 (wife and I still have meat to eat in the freezer) - granted, I do have a scope on it now. I quite likely could have made that same shot without the scope. However, I use the extra technology (the scope) so that my food won't have to suffer too much as it dies. At 250 yards it was a heart shot.
  15. Shooter45

    Shooter45 *Administrator* Staff Member

    Joined:
    Feb 9, 2001
    Messages:
    9,568
    You may want to remeasure those pistol groups again. Or maybe your pistols have been tightly fitted and all components blueprinted.

    I've been shooting a lot of years with custom built Pistols and revolvers and can hold a decent group. None of the pistols you have are match grade.
  16. Double D

    Double D Administrator Staff Member Supporting Member

    Joined:
    Jul 16, 2009
    Messages:
    10,217
    Location:
    North Florida
    I shoot approx 300 rounds a week depending on weather and such. I am a certified NRA pistol instructor and have been carrying a firearm every day without fail for 30 years. I own over 50 different firearms and I know my guns pretty well. I have been shooting for 40+ years. I must say that your claim to shoot 1-1.5" groups at 25yds with the guns you listed is bunk. Sorry. You might want to rethink that one....
  17. Bindernut

    Bindernut Well-Known Member

    Joined:
    Oct 24, 2007
    Messages:
    3,017
    Location:
    ND, USA
    I was kinda thinking the same thing about one-hole groups from a 336 too...even if only at 50yds. :)
    Not to say it isn't possible, but I'd want to see the targets.
  18. Double D

    Double D Administrator Staff Member Supporting Member

    Joined:
    Jul 16, 2009
    Messages:
    10,217
    Location:
    North Florida
    Yea, maybe a spot on one of TVs top shooting shows is in order....
  19. polishshooter

    polishshooter Active Member

    Joined:
    Mar 25, 2001
    Messages:
    8,078
    Location:
    Indiana
    DD, in 1985 I shot an average of 1000 rds a week with my .45, 300 rds 3times per week practice, some more on Saturday to shoot it dirty with match ammo, then a match (or TWO) every Sunday from March until November, not counting the "fun stuff" in between, over 55000 rounds that year, two steady leagues, a couple of other leagues not steady, from pin matches to PPC, 5 NRA Action Pistol matches including the Ohio Championship, all leading up to the IPSC Sectionals....

    Then, or now, I think I have YET to fire a 3" group at 25 with my .45 standing with either a Weaver or Isoceles, with any of the 4 barrels I have had on it since then....in fact, I would have been ECSTATIC to shoot a 3 inch group....

    Heck, I was ecstatic if I could keep them all in 8" during the plate matches, at ANY range....;):D:)

    Of course, I built it, not Steve Nastoff, THAT may have had something to do with it....LOL

    When it was tight I think a better shooter than I could have maybe done it, but now it rattles a bit, but even though now I'm lucky to shoot it maybe 200 times a year, it will still do 4-5" for me slow fire...and I am happy
  20. Double D

    Double D Administrator Staff Member Supporting Member

    Joined:
    Jul 16, 2009
    Messages:
    10,217
    Location:
    North Florida
    I have had a shoulder issue for the last 3 months that have affected my accuracy and I have had to shoot from a rested position in order to be accurate. Normally, I can take most any of my 1911s and group nice groups at 25yrds that most people I shoot with are impressed with. I am no match shooter, and never will be. But I have put untold thousands of rounds down range and I can attest that I dont know anyone that is shooting 1" groups with those types of firearms and if they were, they are in the wrong profession.
Similar Threads
Forum Title Date
Large-Bore/Small-Bore Rifle/Shotgun opinions on barrel length Jan 25, 2014
Large-Bore/Small-Bore Rifle/Shotgun Barrel length vs Recoil Feb 20, 2013
Large-Bore/Small-Bore Rifle/Shotgun AR 15 barrel length question? Aug 12, 2012
Large-Bore/Small-Bore Rifle/Shotgun Compromise barrel length? Jul 25, 2011
Large-Bore/Small-Bore Rifle/Shotgun shotgun barrel length ? Feb 8, 2011