M1 Garand S/N#####.

Discussion in 'General Military Arms & History Forum' started by Red Neck64, Oct 20, 2006.

  1. Red Neck64

    Red Neck64 Former Guest

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    Production Between Wars: Records on the production of M1 Rifles immediately following WWII until the outbreak of hostilities in Korea are spotty at best. This is probably due to Army Ordnance effort(s) being directed toward “product improvement” of the M1 rifle design as a result of “lessons learned” during WWII, and the development of the so-called “lightweight rifle system”. This lack of active production of the M1 due to the research and development efforts, creates something of a dilemma for researchers of M1 Rifle production. The last rifle produced during WWII by Springfield Armory WWII lies in the 3,888,xxx serial number range with production ending in October 1945. According to Armory records, Springfield M1 production was resumed in 1952 with serial number 4,200,000. This leaves an unexplained gap of approximately 312,xxx serial numbers

    1. WWII Production Totals: (approx.)

    Springfield Armory: 3,526,922 (produced from 1932 - 1945 including tool room models)

    Winchester: 513,880 (produced from 1941 – 1945)



    Total WWII Production from Springfield and Winchester: (approx.) 4,040,800

    2. Post WWII production totals: (approx.)

    Springfield Armory: 661,747 (produced from 1952 – 1956)

    Harrington & Richardson Arms: 428,600 (produced from 1953 – 1956)

    International Harvester Corporation: 337,623 (produced from 1953 – 1956)

    Total Post War Production from all manufacturers: (approx.) 1,427,970

    3. Total M1 production from all manufacturers: (approx.)

    Springfield Armory:………………………………..4, 188, 669

    Winchester:……………………………………………513, 880

    Harrington & Richardson:…………………………...428, 600

    International Harvester Corporation:……………….337, 623

    Grand Total (all manufacturers): (approx.)………5, 468, 772


    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Assigned[1] Serial Number Ranges:



    Beginning Number

    Ending Number
    Manufacturer
    Year Contract

    Completed

    1
    to
    100,000
    Springfield Armory
    Dec. 1940

    100,001
    to
    165,500
    Winchester
    May 1942

    165,501
    to
    865,500
    Springfield Armory
    Sept. 1942

    865,501
    to
    1,999,999
    Springfield Armory
    Feb. 1943

    1,200,000
    to
    1,261,260
    Winchester
    Nov. 1942

    1,261,261
    to
    1,357,473
    Winchester
    July 1943

    1,357,474
    to
    1,387,xxx
    Winchester duplicated approximately 30,000 Springfield s/ns in this range.
    Aug. 1943?

    1,357,474
    to
    2,305,849
    Springfield Armory
    Dec. 1943

    2,305,850
    to
    2,655,982
    Winchester (Rifles were actually produced to about s/n 2,540,000)
    Jan. 1944

    X2,655,982
    to
    X2,655,148
    Rock Island Arsenal
    Experimental

    2,656,149
    to
    4,100,000
    Springfield Armory (Rifles were actually produced to about s/n 3,889,xxx Last actual WW II serial number unknown)
    Oct. 1945

    X4,100,001
    to
    X4,200,000
    Possibly planned as a dumping ground for duplicate, mutilated or overrun s/ns. Two IHCs have been found that had two s/ns one below the other. The original s/ns apparently inadvertently duplicated by IHC at the factory. The duplicate numbers were lined out and the substitute numbers electro-penciled under the original.
    Field Service Use

    4,200,001
    to
    4,399,999
    Springfield Armory
    1952 – 1954[2]

    4,400,000
    to
    4,660,000
    International Harvester
    1953 – 1954

    4,660,001
    to
    4,800,000
    Harrington & Richardson
    1953 – 1954

    4,800,001
    to
    4,999,999
    Not Assigned
    N/A

    5,000,000
    to
    5,000,500
    Springfield Armory (Actual intended use unknown, but ALL documented guns are in this range are generic SAs). Perhaps allocated for Beretta samples or experimentation?
    NATO, Aug. 1952

    5,000,501
    to
    5,278,245
    International Harvester
    1954 – 1956

    5,278,246
    to
    5,488,246
    Springfield Armory
    1954 – 1955

    5,488,247
    to
    5,793,847
    Harrington & Richardson
    1954 – 1956

    5,793,848
    to
    6,099,905
    Springfield Armory
    1955 – 1957

    6,034,330
    to
    6,034,729
    Numbers assigned to HRA from the Springfield s/n range for a 400-rifle contract overrun.
    Aug. 1956



    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    [1] These are the ASSIGNED serial number ranges and do not necessarily reflect the actual number of rifles produced within each range. Several semi-major anomalies were the result of duplicate serial numbers produced by both Springfield and Winchester. Other serial numbers ranges were curtailed by such events as the end of WWII.

    [2] Records of rifle deliveries from all manufacturers were not kept as meticulously during the Korean War as they were during WWII. As a result, the delivery dates are listed here in their beginning and completion year of each assigned serial number range.
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