17 April 1861

Discussion in 'General Discussion' started by islenos, Apr 17, 2009.

  1. islenos

    islenos Active Member

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    Confederate States of America - Proclamation of April 17, 1861

    BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE CONFEDERATE STATES.

    A PROCLAMATION.

    Whereas, Abraham Lincoln, the President of the United States has, by proclamation, announced the intention of invading this Confederacy with an armed force for the purpose of capturing its fortresses, and thereby subverting its independence and subjecting the free people thereof to the dominion of a foreign power; and, whereas, it has thus become the duty of this government to repel the threatened invasion, and to defend the rights and liberties of the people by all the means which the laws of nations and the usages of civilized warfare place at its disposal;

    Now, therefore, I, Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States of America, do issue this my proclamation, inviting all those who may desire, by service in private armed vessels on the high seas, to aid this government in resisting so wanton and wicked an aggression, to make application for commissions or letters of marque and reprisal to be issued under the seal of these Confederate States.

    And I do further notify all persons applying for letters of marque to make a statement in writing, giving the name and a suitable description of the character, tonnage, and force of the vessel, and the name and place of residence of each owner concerning therein, and the intended number of the crew, and to sign said statement and deliver the same to the Secretary of State, or to the collector of any port of entry of these Confederate States, to be by him transmitted to the Secretary of State.

    And I do further notify all applicants aforesaid that before any commission or letter of marque is issued to any vessel, the owner or owners thereof, and the commander for the time being, will be required to give bond to the Confederate States, with at least two responsible sureties, not interested in such vessel, in the penal sum of five thousand dollars; or if such vessel be provided with more than one hundred and fifty men, then in the penal sum of ten thousand dollars, with condition that the owners, officers, and crew who shall be employed on board such commissioned vessel shall observe the laws of these Confederate States and the instructions given to them for the regulation of their conduct. That they shall satisfy all damages done contrary to the tenor thereof by such vessel during her commission, and deliver up the same when revoked by the President of the Confederate States.

    And I do further specially enjoin on all persons holding offices, civil and military, under the authority of the Confederate States, that they be vigilant and zealous in discharging the duties incident thereto; and I do, moreover, solemnly exhort the good people of these Confederate States, as they love their country, as they prize the blessings of free government, as they feel the wrongs of the past and these now threatened in aggravated form by those whose enmity is more implacable because unprovoked, that they exert themselves in preserving order, in promoting concord, in maintaining the authority and efficacy of the laws, and in supporting and invigorating all the measures which may be adopted for the common defense, and by which, under the blessings of Divine Providence, we may hope for a speedy, just, and honorable peace.

    In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand, and caused the seal of the Confederate States to be affixed, this seventeenth day of April, 1861.

    [Signed] JEFFERSON DAVIS.

    By the President: R. TOOMBS, Secretary of State.
     
  2. mrkirker

    mrkirker New Member

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    Yes, following an envoy's visit from Lincoln to inform Gov. Pickens of the intent to lawfully re-supply a Federal garrison with provisions only, no guns or reinforcements. (April 8th)

    Sumpter's commander, Major Anderson, submitted an offer on April 12th (shortly after midnight), to evacuate the fort on the 15th, should supplies not be received. Confederates refused the offer, demanding immediate surrender of the site. This is refused.

    Landed gentry, eager to perserve their 'peculiar institution' (I assume they wished to avoid the 'S' word!), plunged the nation into a bloody cauldron on the morning of April 12th, from which the Old South, and it’s ‘peculiar institution’ would not emerge.
     

  3. islenos

    islenos Active Member

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    What caught my interest were the Letters of Marque being issued. A quick way to build a fleet; much like the way pirates were issued Letters of Marque by the Continental Navy.

    If Texas were to leave the Union, would the governor issue Letters of Marque to it's citizens in order to seize US Property?
     
  4. Mr. Nameless

    Mr. Nameless New Member

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    I don't want a heated conversation or a war about this. But if we had a civil war today, who would win? The south controls most of the food, but the north controls most of the industry. The south has alot of old people moving down here, the north has alot of stoners and idiots that have never even seen a real gun. The south has less gun control and the people have better guns, the north is a bit stricter. So this is an honest question do not lie to protect others feelings. I personaly think that the south would win this time because once other countries see that we are succeding(forgive my spelling please) that are enemies of the US then they would help. But then again there would be no ned for succesion.
     
  5. jacksonco

    jacksonco New Member

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    A modern day civil war would depend entirely on whether or not the armed forces would split and if so in what proportions. If the armed forces remained mostly loyal to the goverment it would be a very short war that would develope into an extended period of civil unrest.

    Pray to God this never happens because should it what would emerge from the ashes would vulnerable to conquor by unfriendly nations that have little or no interest in human rights.
     
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