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NEW YORK TIMES
June 14, 2013


The E.P.A. Backs Off on Factory Farms

By THE EDITORIAL BOARD

The Environmental Protection Agency is obliged under the Clean Water Act to monitor America’s waterways and shield them from the toxic runoff from factory farms. But the growth of that industry, and its courtroom tenacity, has far outstripped the E.P.A.’s efforts to restrict runoff from manure lagoons and feedlots.

Last year, the agency meekly withdrew two proposed rules. One would have gathered basic information from all factory farms. The other proposed rule would have expanded the number of such farms required to have a national pollution discharge permit. Fewer than 60 percent do now.

Then, last week, in yet another retreat, the agency announced that promised new regulations governing feedlot discharges nationally would not be forthcoming.

According to the E.P.A.’s own studies, agricultural runoff is the leading cause of impaired water quality. The amount of manure produced by factory farms is staggering. The agency estimates that those operations create between 500 million and 1 billion tons of manure, three times as much waste as humans produce in the United States. The task of keeping those hundreds of millions of tons of animal waste out of rivers, lakes and estuaries is enormous, clearly requiring a strong set of revised regulations for the handling of factory-farm waste, including provisions for tracking waste when it’s been moved offsite.

Right now, the patchwork of regulations — which assume a great deal of self-policing — suits the factory-farm industry all too well. So does the E.P.A.’s inability to gather even the most basic information about those farms. The industry believes that the less consumers know, the better. President Obama’s nominee to lead the E.P.A., Gina McCarthy, is still awaiting Senate confirmation. If and when she gets the job, she should make it an early priority to get the data she needs to shed light on — and forcefully regulate — an industry that thrives on ignorance.
 

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those operations create between 500 million and 1 billion tons of manure
A minor fraction of what the federal government throws at us.
 

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Price of beef at record highs...so let's add another couple of bucks per pound on
 

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I drove past a factory farm recently in Nebraska. Ever since, I've limited my red meat consumption big time. I was abhored by what I saw. From now on, most of my red meat will be venison that I harvested or pork (same problems, but I can't forego BBQ).
 

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As far as I know, most of the manure here produced by the cattle gets turned back into the ground as fertilizer for the next hay or barley crops that are used to feed those cattle.

The small places in the county that end up with excess are the small feed lots used to fatten up the beef before they go to market. I'm not quite sure what they are doing with the excess, but I'm fairly sure some of end up in the landfill (which is nowhere near any water source).

Our horse manure from our one horse gets turned back into the ground when it's dried and it dries VERY fast here in the high desert. Some piles that are in the pasture just get left there to turn back into dirt on their own. Since the main water supply is the aquifer 120 ft. below ground, there is little chance of any manure contaminating it.

Granted, areas next to rivers and other waterways are a different problem though.
 
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